List of Airlines
Airlines are those organizations engaged in transporting passengers or cargo, and in some cases, animals by air.
The airline world is complex. There are companies engaged in transporting passengers and cargo on a regular basis, while there are other companies that transport their customers or groups of customers in a timely manner agreed between them. These latter companies are called "charter."
In the case of airlines that carry out the cargo, it is the same, while some, such as FedEx, operating on a fixed timetable; others operate as appropriate to the clients that hire them. Some airlines have been involved in the transportation of animals, as in Kentucky, USA, from where it operated one that was dedicated to the transport of international event horses for racing.
Many list of airlines have a shareholding of local government are called "champions" or "flag line" which generally have a monopoly on domestic flights. Some countries, like Japan, have more of a "flagship" in the case of Japan All Nippon Airways (ANA) and Japan Airlines. For some countries have a national airline has been very costly, like Nigeria (Nigeria Airways), the Dominican Republic (Dominicana de Aviacion, Dominican ATA), Peru (Peruvian Airlines, AeroPeru), TAME Ecuador, Venezuela where Viasa operated and Avensa faced with economic problems as a substitute for Viasa. A "flag line" need not be a fully public company, may be joint ventures where the state maintains a high degree, there are some cases on which the state owns around 10% stake before re-nationalization.
Many flag carriers have been privatized and the market has been liberalized, you can see in our list of airlines. This has led to the emergence of alternatives to the traditional airlines, as has occurred among other places in Spain, where Iberia was privatized and competing emerged as Air Europa, Spanair and Air Plus Comet. It is also the case of Peru with the Peruvian airline Airlines, where the airline market was until recently dominated by Lan Peru and now there are many competitors. However, in some countries despite liberalization of air transport traditional companies maintain a stranglehold situation of the market, as is the case in Colombia, Avianca, Air France in France, Chile LAN Airlines or Alitalia in Italy and because to employing aggressive policies, in this way the scarce competition usually tends to disappear. Another flag was Viasa airline in Venezuela, but it was privatized in favor of the Spanish airline Iberia, which dismantled the company. Now, the Venezuelan State has decided to go for Conviasa, which gradually expected position in the national and Latin American aviation market. There is also the airline Aeropostal, recently nationalized, and the nascent SBA Airlines aims to accelerate its integration into the Latin American market across Europe.
In general, airlines can be classified according to the size of the network of routes they operate and their frequencies:
- Regional Airlines: They operate medium-capacity aircraft low on short routes or low demand or high frequencies. They usually perform only rarely domestic flights and international. Most low-cost airlines are included in this group, the airline Pluna, Uruguay.
- Network Airlines: Operate a fleet wide with many types of aircraft of various sizes, from small regional aircraft to jumbo jets for transcontinental flights. They are characterized by a network that combines long-haul flying medium and short range, depending on the model of "hubs" or hubs. Most of the traditional flag carriers and included in this type.
- Large-scale Airlines:They are mainly dedicated to making long flights or high density between the main international airports in the world. Their fleets are characterized by large aircraft. Examples are Singapore Airlines, Virgin Atlantic or the old BOAC.
It is easy to classify many airlines in a particular group, because in their evolution may belong to several. Many large-scale airlines network or franchise its brand to regional airlines to cover their network of domestic flights, especially with aircraft of fewer than one hundred seats capacity.